Looking at the outside of the Hoof Capsule

The following photos and descriptions will help you to understand the
landmarks I use to determine balance and levelness for a particular
hoof on an individual horse. It is imperative to look to the
INDIVIDUAL hoof that you have in your hand on the individual horse.
Not all hooves are the same on every horse - indeed, not every hoof
is the same on the individual horse, either.

These LANDMARKS are to be used as a GENERAL GUIDE.

HAIRLINE: Lyle "Bergy" Bergeleen says the hairline tells it all and how very true that is. Being very malleable the hairline will let you know just how well the hoof is balanced from inside to outside (M/L) Inordinate pressures and leverages will jam the hairline in some degree.

A = Hairline straight horizontal line with no dips or waves.

B = horizontal line from side to side at top of P2/P3 joint straight, horizontal line.

C = Distance from A to C on both sides of hoof should be equal from hairline to ground.

D = Straight line from P/1:P/2 joint
side to side.

E = Vertical line drawn down middle of lower limb to ground shows pastern and hoof almost superimposed.

a = "Arc" of P/1:P/2 to P/3 same both sides.



LEVELNESS:  Measure B to A and A to C on Illustration #1 - if evenly distanced one from another the hoof will indicate pretty level hoof.



Compare Illustration #1 with imbalanced illustration #2:




In this illustration, #3, we see a straight hairline when looking to the side of the hoof.  (A)

We also see a straight line from the periople down through the dorsal
hoofwall.  (B)








Compare this photo to balanced hoof shown in Illustration #3 above:

The Hairline is waved; the dorsal wall angle is lower than the angle at the periople.

Illustration #1






Illustration #2


Illustration #3


Illustration #4



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